The equation to determine property taxes was once a simple formula (Taxes=Taxable Value x Tax Rate). However since the passage of Save Our Homes Amendment and more recently Amendment One, the formula is much more complicated.
Prior to the above amendments, the following information was required for estimating of taxes:
Location of the property
Taxable value of the property
Taxing district millage rate to apply in the calculation.
Were the homeowners eligible for any exemptions?
Today, the following additional information is required in order to achieve the same result:
What effect has the market had on the property?
What type of exemptions are the homeowners eligible for and how are they applied?
Homestead - $25000
Additional homestead - This only applies to homes with assessed values between $50000 and $75000 and does not apply to the school board tax.
Low income senior - This applies only to certain taxing districts.
Will the owner be transferring any Save Our Homes (3%) cap value? From where? How much? Are they upsizing or downsizing their home, as the calculations are different for each scenario.
Will the owner have a 10% cap, as well as a 3% cap?
Will the owner have a Florida veteran's discount?
This makes for a lot of "what if's". The biggest "if" for the Property Appraiser's office is:
"What if we get it wrong?"
Homeowners are using these estimates in determining their budgets and deciding what they can afford to pay for a property. Mortgage companies also use this information to calculate escrow payments.